If you consider the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) as the skeleton of a project, the Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) can certainly be considered as the backbone. The AoA examines the feasible alternatives of a proposed project from different points of view: technical, financial, regulatory, jurisdictional, environmental and social. Through this examination, the AoA promotes better decision-making by identifying the most viable and financially feasible alternative. This approach minimizes adverse impacts and risks for communities and the environment – ultimately making a better, stronger and more sustainable project.

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